Management of cropping systems and soil fertility, quality of agricultural products and agricultural by-product recovery


Innovative methods for the chemical, physical and geographical characterization of foods and of organic matrices in transformation processes

  Background

Evaluating the quality of food and non-food products used in agriculture is gaining increasing attention. Consumers demand foods guaranteed and certified in terms of production method, typicality, geographical origin, safety, nutritional value and nutraceuticals content. Through the use of advanced chemical and physical techniques (spectroscopy IR, NIR, NMR), the line of research has developed the following activities:

-  Determination of ochratoxins in the wine and table grapes produced with the organic method;

-  Use of low-cost management spectroscopic techniques for the analysis of olives and pomace (oil content, acid content, humidity);

- Geographical and varietal characterization of Apulian olive oils through multidisciplinary approach (soil, genetic analysis, NMR);

-  Characterization of the polyphenol content of Apulian ecotypes of pomegranate and evaluation of nutraceutical properties;

-  Identification of new indicators for evaluation of compost maturity and quality.

Timing:
Starting: 2.01.2006
Scheduled ending: 23.09.2019
Real ending: 23.09.2019
Objectives:

       Objectives

-    Setting up a database for varietal and geographical certification based on the soil chemical parameters, genetic characterization of Apulian cultivars and NMR of oil;

-    Nutritional and nutraceutical characterization  of typical Apulian food products;

-    Use of NIR for low-cost analysis of food products;

-    Identification of new parameters for the evaluation of the compost quality.

Justification:

Justification

Preserving the quality and typicality of Mediterranean products.

Potential:

     Potential

·      Enhancing typical Apulian food products, especially olive oils

·      Collaboration with industries for manufacturing new NIR machines for food analysis

Results:
Notes:

       Remarks

·        Strengths

The sector of quality and food safety is crucial in the scientific and socio-economic context. Developing skills and capacities may help MAIB becoming a contact point for applied research activity (database for geographical certification of Apulian oils). It may also export experience and methods to developing countries through international cooperation projects.

·        Weaknesses

Some instruments (mass spectrometer, NIR spectrometer, etc.) are not available in the Laboratory of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry. This compels MAI.B to work in collaboration with other Research Centres thereby slowing down and limiting its activities.
Reference person/s: Cavoski Ivana / Mondelli Donato / Simeone Vito /
Collaborators: Al Chami Ziad / Aly Adel / Mimiola Giancarlo /
Thesis:
Institutions involved:
 
 
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