Management of cropping systems and soil fertility, quality of agricultural products and agricultural by-product recovery


Reuse of agricultural and agroindustrial byproducts for the production of energy and organic amendments

Background

The line of research intends to suggest the correct management of organic wastes of agricultural and agroindustrial origin through composting trials of traditional and innovative matrices, studies on the optimization of processes for the recovery of waste biomasses, evaluation of the medium- and long-term effects of compost application on soil fertility and productivity in organic systems. Moreover the research line evaluates the sustainable production of bioenergies through waste biomasses or from tolerant plant species grown in polluted soils (phytoremediation). 

Timing:
Starting: 2.01.2001
Scheduled ending: 20.06.2019
Real ending: 20.06.2019
Objectives:

      Objectives

-       Transfer of good practices for recovering organic wastes for agricultural and agroindustrial holdings;

-       Developing methods for recovering organic matter through on-farm composting;

-       Use of on-the-farm biomasses for small-scale generation of biogas;

-       Study on Mediterranean “non-food” crops for the production of bioenergies and active substances;

-       Remediation of polluted marginal soils.

Justification:

 Justification

Improvement and management of soil fertility and of its biological diversity; sustainable production of bioenergies and sanitation of polluted soils.

Potential:

      Potential

  • Possible transfer of results on the spot and in cooperation activities
  • Extending research on the effects of various fertilizing treatments on some specific qualitative parameters of the final product (e.g. oil)
  • Guidelines for the sustainable production of bioenergies in the Mediterranean area
  • Phytoremediation of polluted soils 
Results:
Notes:

     Remarks

·        Strengths

The replicability of experimental protocols using on-farm resources (waste biomasses); application of waste biomasses to the soil. 

·        Weaknesses

Soil fertility performs its effects over long periods. The treatments proposed cannot be evaluated  due to the limited duration of experimental theses, the impossibility to monitor the microbiological processes, the limited experience in the Mediterranean area and the absence of regulations at national and international level.

Reference person/s: Al Bitar Lina / Al Chami Ziad / Ceglie Francesco / Verrastro Vincenzo /
Collaborators: Mondelli Donato /
Thesis:
Institutions involved:
 
 
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