Virology (viruses, viroids, phloem-limited prokaryotes, virus-like agents)


Epidemiological study in the Mediterranean region (citrus, stone fruits, pome fruits, grapevine, olive and fig)

This research line emphasises the assessment of health status, primarily for virus diseases, of fruit tree species (citrus, stone fruits, pome fruits, olive, grapevine and fig) in Italy and in the Mediterranean countries. This knowledge is fundamental for the various countries in the region to develop proper disease containment and control measures, up-date the quarantine pest lists and support certification of plant propagating material.

 

The sanitary status of fruit tree species is ascertained by adopting appropriate methods for collection of representative and on-scale samples in the different growing areas, visual inspections and laboratory testing based on various detection techniques. More specifically, local varieties or long-established varieties and, primarily, varietal collections, are assessed.

 

Special emphasis is laid on monitoring and control of quarantine viruses and investigation of the different strains reported, against which suitable eradication programmes are applied.

 

In order to determine and predict the disease spread dynamics much of the research effort is focussed on the most important vector species, their modes of transmission and their efficiency. Moreover, investigations are carried out to identify the natural vector populations in the various environments.

 

Timing:
Starting: 1.01.1986
Scheduled ending: 31.12.2015
Real ending: 25.06.2019
Objectives:
Justification:
Potential:
Results:
Notes:
Reference person/s: D'Onghia Anna Maria / Digiaro Michele / Djelouah Khaled / El Beaino Toufic /
Collaborators: Fanelli Antonio / Frasheri Dajana /
Thesis: Sanitary status of grapevine in Kosovo and setting up of a Multiplex ELISA for the simultaneous detection of grapevine viruses
Sanitary assessment of stone and pome fruits clones for the certification program of plant propagation material
Survey on the main citrus graft-transmissible diseases in Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey
Sanitary Assessment of Olive varieties in a collection plot at the University of Perugia (Italy)
Sanitary assessment of olive candidate clones for the certification program of plant propagation material in Tunisia
Monitoring of the main citrus graft-transmissible diseases in Libya and characterization of a local citrus tristeza virus source
Assessment of viruses, viroids and Spiroplasma citri infections in two Egyptiam nurseries accordino to the management conditions to the management conditions and location
Assessment of the main stone fruits viruses and viroids in Algeria
Monitoring of Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) aphid vectors in Apulia region and experimental trials on the transmissibility of Mediterranean CTV isolated by aphids
Viruses and viroids of pome fruits in Morocco and characterization of pome fruit viroid isolates from Mediterraean area
Phytosanitary status of stone fruits nurseries and mother plants in Albania
Study of the sanitary status of fig in Tunisia and further characterisation of Fig leaf mottle associated virus
Assessment on the presence of citrus tristeza virus (CTV) and relative vectors in Syria
Characterization and strain typing of Mediterranean citrus tristeza virus (CTV) isolates
Incidence of viruses and nematodes vectors in the Lebanese vineyards
Sanitary status of stone fruits and characterization of Plum pox virus isolates in Egypt
Viruses and viroids of pome fruit trees in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Preliminary evaluation of the sanitary status of grapevine in Syria
Study on viruses and viroids of stone fruits in Serbia
Assessment of the sanitary conditions of certified nurseries production in Souss Massa Valley (Morocco)
Phytoplasmas of fruit trees and grapevine in Bosnia and Herzegovina
A study on Citrus infectious variegation virus (CVV) in Citrus from Gargano promontory, ltaly
Sanitary status of stone fruit trees and typing of Plum pox virus isolates in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Preliminary evaluation of the sanitary status of olive in Syria
Preliminary study on citrus Tristeza virus (ctv) in Apulia
Prospection des principaux champignons (Phytophtora spp. et Phoma tracheiphila) et du virus de la psorose des agrumes dans la région du Cap Bon, Tunisie
Sanitary status of olive in Lebanon
Preliminary evaluation of the sanitary status of grapevine in Egypt with reference to virus diseases
Identification of Apricot latent virus (ApLV) in Palestine and survey for the presence of ApLV and American plum line pattern virus (APLV) in Southern Italy
Détection des principaux virus des agrumes dans le matériel végétal de multiplication Algérien et mise au point de la technique DTBIA pour l'identification du CVV
Sanitary status of grapevine in South-Eastern Anatolia and Nevsehir province and characterization of an Arabis mosaic virus (ArMV) isolate from Turkey
Sanitary status of stone fruits in Syria and characterisation of Syrian Prunus necrotic ring spot virus (PNRSV) isolates
Etude de l'incidence et de la distribution du virus de la psorose des agrumes (CPV) au Maroc par "DTBIA" et caractérisation partielle de quelques souches locales de CPV
Monotoring the main graft-transmissible diseases and sanitary selection of citrus in Egypt
Assessment of the sanitary status of olive in Egypt
Sanitary status of stone fruits in Jordan and production of monoclonal antibodies to apple chlorotic leaf spot virus (ACLSV)
Sanitary status of stone fruits in East Anatolia (Turkey) and characterisation of a Turkish apple chlorotic leaf spot (ACLSV) isolate
Sanitary status of plum, peach and apricot in Albania and characterization of some Albanian plum pox virus isolates
Institutions involved: Centro di Ricerca e Sperimentazione in Agricoltura “Basile Caramia”, Locorotondo
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR)
Centro di Virologia del CNR, sezione di Bari
Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie (INAT)
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie (INRAT)
Università degli Studi di Bari
Università degli Studi di Udine
 
 
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